Engineering Courses: Online, Syllabus, Important Subjects, Colleges, Scope 2021

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Sushil Pandey

Updated on - Aug 17, 2021

Engineering courses are one of the most sought after career options for students interested in Science, Technology and Research post completing class 12th board exams. 

Engineering courses are available at Diploma, Undergraduate, Postgraduate and Doctoral levels. Over 2.9 million students take admission in these institutes through nationally conducted entrance tests such as GATE, JEE, KEAM etc.

Engineering students have the option of choosing several specializations. Electronics is the  most popular Engineering branch with 1,87,000 graduates in 2020 followed by  Mechanical Engineering at 1,69,680 graduates and Computer Science Engineering at 1,60,530 graduates.

Table of Contents
  1. All About Engineering Courses

1.1 What are Engineering Courses?

1.2 Why Engineering Courses?

  1. Types of Engineering Courses

2.1 Diploma

2.2 Bachelor

2.3 Masters

2.4 Engineering Courses Without Maths

  1. Engineering Courses Online

3.1 edX

3.2 FutureLearn

3.3 Class Central

  1. Engineering Course Specializations

4.1 Computer Science and Engineering

4.2 Electronics and Communication Engineering

4.3 Mechanical Engineering

4.4 Electrical Engineering

4.5 Civil Engineering

4.6 Chemical Engineering

4.7 Biochemical Engineering

4.8 Aerospace Engineering

  1. Engineering course Entrance Exams 2021
  1. Top Engineering Colleges

6.1 Bangalore

6.2 Delhi

6.3 Mumbai

6.4 Kerala

  1. Scope of Engineering Courses

7.1 Best Engineering Courses in Future

7.2 Job Profiles

7.3 Top Recruiters

7.3.1 Civil Engineering

7.3.2 Electrical Engineering

7.3.3 Mechanical Engineering

7.3.4 Electronics & Communication Engineering

7.3.5 Computer Science Engineering

  1. Salary of an Engineer in India

8.1 Specialization Wise

8.2 Top College’s Placement Offers

8.3 Country Wise

  1. Engineering Courses FAQs

All About Engineering Courses

Engineering course is one of the most sought after disciplines for students interested in Science & Technology. It is directly associated with the development of a nation and its economy as technological advancements play a key role in the GDP of a country. Aspirants can enrol into a full-time diploma, bachelor’s and master’s courses. There are also online certificate courses from edX, ClassCentral and FutureLearn.

What are Engineering Courses?

Engineering is a field of professional education that involves the knowledge of Science, Technology, Mathematics, Programming etc. Engineering principles are applied to build machinery, bridges, roads, airports, buildings, aeroplanes and more. 

There are many branches under the umbrella of Engineering courses. There are specialisations concentrating on only the subject or area of Engineering and also branches that overlap with other branches with very small differences.

The duration of Engineering courses are 2 to 4 years and are taught at the Diploma, Bachelor’s and Master’s level. The course is designed with a mandatory internship or project work during the curriculum.

Why Engineering Courses?

Engineering is a tough field and requires years of dedication to achieve expertise. Courses are also expensive depending on the college one is studying in. With this in mind, written below are some benefits to studying Engineering.

  • Engineering is a prestigious field. People are aware of how much hard work is to be put in to be called an Engineer. As such, there is an element of respect for Engineering students.
  • Students learn essential skills to be successful like the ability to think logically and analytically. The thinking pattern is more objective and less emotional based. These factors when combined yield success in the professional world.
  • Engineering jobs are some of the highest-paid. Work responsibilities are high and jobs are available in the best industries, international and national. Considering how much effort is put into the degree, the remuneration is justified.
  • Engineers are working towards making lives better. They are building and conceptualising projects like roads, railways, bridges etc that are made to serve society.
  • International organizations scout Engineers who have put on a few years of experience on their back.

Types of Engineering Course

Engineering courses provide various options to the students. There are diplomas, B.Tech or B.E and M.Tech or M.E. There are also some courses that do not require Mathematics as a subject. All such courses have been listed below.




Engineering Courses Without Maths

Engineering Courses Online

Engineering courses online are for the individuals who are already working as a professional and want to add some extra skills to their resume. Online courses are both free and paid. Online certifications and diplomas are also available for the individuals. The best online courses in edX, FutureLearn and ClassCentral have been discussed below.


Course Duration Fees
Professional Certificate in Computer Science for Web Programming 6 months INR 29,035
Python Basics for Data Science 5 weeks Free/ INR 7,222 for a certificate
Introduction to Computer Science and Programming Using Python 9 weeks Free/INR 5,471 for a certificate
Technology Entrepreneurship: Lab to Market 5 weeks Free/ INR 7,222 for a certificate
A Hands-on Introduction to Engineering Simulations 6 weeks Free/INR 14,517 for a certificate
Machine Learning with Python: A Practical Introduction 5 weeks Free/ INR 7,222 for a certificate
Circuits and Electronics 1: Basic Circuit Analysis 5 weeks Free/ INR 12,399 for a certificate
Introduction to Aeronautical Engineering 7 weeks Free/INR 3,648 for a certificate
Thermodynamics of Materials 16 weeks Free/ INR 10, 943 for a certificate
The Art of Structural Engineering: Bridges 8 weeks NA


Course Duration Fees
Engineering the Future: Creating the Amazing 3 weeks Free/ Extra benefits for INR 4,480
An Introduction to Building Information Modelling 2 weeks Free/ Extra benefits for INR 5,530
Principles of Engineering 4 weeks Free
Transforming Energy Systems: Why Governance Matters 4 weeks Free/ Extra benefits for INR 4,480
Construction Ethics and Compliance 4 weeks Free/ Extra benefits for INR 6,580
Technical Report Writing for Engineers 6 weeks Free/ Extra benefits for INR 4,480
Electrical Engineering: Sensing, Powering and Controlling 3 weeks Free/ Extra benefits for INR 4,480
Supercomputing 5 weeks Free/ Extra benefits for INR 6,580
Quality in Construction 3 weeks Free/ Extra benefits for INR 4,480
New Energy Technologies: Energy Transition and Sustainable Development 4 weeks Free/ Extra benefits for INR 5,530

Class Central

Course Duration Fees
Matrix Algebra for Engineers 4 weeks Free/ Fee for a certificate
Differential Equations for Engineers 6 weeks Free/ Fee for a certificate
Introduction to Engineering Mechanics 5 weeks Free/ Fee for a certificate
Mechanics of Materials I: Fundamentals of Stress & Strain and Axial Loading 5 weeks Free/ Fee for a certificate
Applications in Engineering Mechanics 5 weeks Free/ Fee for a certificate
Going Places with Spatial Analysis 6 weeks Free/ Fee for a certificate
Building a Future with Robots 3 weeks Free/ Fee for a certificate
Engineering Systems in Motion: Dynamics of Particles and Bodies in 2D Motion 7 weeks Free/ Fee for a certificate
Artificial Intelligence for Robotics 8 weeks Free/ Fee for a certificate
Mechanics of Materials III: Beam Bending 5 weeks Free/ Fee for a certificate

Engineering Course Specializations

Engineering has many branches and sub-branches within the course. Some of these branches overlap each other and are similar in terms of scope. The major engineering branches or specializations have been discussed below:

Computer Science and Engineering

Computer Science and Engineering (CSE) is a branch of Engineering that deals with working with the hardware and software of computers. It combines aspects of both Computer Engineering and Computer Science. To work in this field one needs to possess strong programming knowledge, knowledge of machine learning, web development etc.

Electronics and Communication Engineering

Electronics and Communication Engineering deals with electronics. Engineers design, build, test and monitor small to large scale electrical machinery and other equipment. The engineer works on circuits, devices, integrated circuits etc.

Mechanical Engineering

Mechanical Engineering is one of the most popular branches of Engineering amongst the aspirants. The branch is concerned with conceptualizing, designing and building of machines. Students get to learn about the right tools to use and how to work with motors among other subjects.

Electrical Engineering

The Electrical Engineering field is like Electronics and Communication Engineering with some key differences. Firstly, Electrical is a broader field and also includes Electronics and Communications. On the other hand, ECE is more about the application of electronics in the Communication field.

Civil Engineering

Civil Engineering can be regarded as one of the oldest Engineering branches. A Civil Engineer helps in building public projects, transportation projects etc. The Civil Engineer handles all aspects of roads, tunnels, buildings, dams, airports etc construction.

Chemical Engineering

A Chemical Engineer works on producing chemicals in a controlled environment for use in further processes. Their work is on a large scale and includes various stages of planning, testing, monitoring etc. They also create products, by-products and other useful products from the raw materials.

Biochemical Engineering

The Biochemical Engineering field combines both Biology and Chemistry. The Engineer applies technological processes and principles to biological material. This in turn creates products to be used for various uses like human health.

Aerospace Engineering

In simple words, the Aerospace Engineer designs and builds aircraft. Aerospace, Aeronautical and Avionics Engineering are quite similar to each other with some differences. Their work is not limited to aircraft, many Aerospace Engineers also work with spacecraft.

Robotics Engineering

Robotics Engineering is a specialization in the field of mechatronics engineering that focuses on the design and development of robots and their use in areas of manufacturing, defense, marine, medical and service industries.

Marine Engineering

Marine Engineering stream is a specialized study about the engineering of marine machines, harbors, ships, oil platforms, and other constructions. The students get training in the fields of techniques, technologies of construction and maintenance of the essential systems and machinery of shipyards, vessels, vehicles, and marine structures.

Engineering course Entrance Exams 2021

For engineering courses, bachelor’s and master’s, admission is through entrance tests. There are university level, state level and university level entrance tests that are accepted. The details of the Engineering entrance tests are as below.

Examination Registration Dates Admit Card Availability Date Examination Date Results Declaration Date
JEE Main 2021 Postponed Postponed Postponed Postponed
JEE Advanced 2021 To be announced To be announced To be announced To be announced
GATE 2022 2nd week of September 2021 to 1st week of November 2021 2nd week of January 2022 First two weeks of February 2022 3rd week of March 2022
BITSAT 2021 February 23rd to extended Postponed Postponed Postponed
WBJEE 2021 February 23rd to March 31st 2021 July 6th 2021 July 11th 2021 To be announced
CMAT 2021 February 12th to March 1st 2021 March 24, 2021 March 31, 2021 April 9, 2021
KEAM 2021 June 1st to 21st 2021 July 14th 2021 July 24th 2021 September 2021
COMEDK UGET 2021 March 22nd to July 15th 2021 4th week of July 2021 1st week of August 2021 3rd week of August 2021
TS EAMCET 2021 March 20th to June 17th 2021 June 22nd to July 2nd 2021 June 5th to 9th 2021 1st week of August 2021
VITEEE 2021 November 30th to May 21st 2021 May 2021 May 20th to 31st 2021 June 15th 2021

Top Engineering Colleges

In India, there are more than 6,000 institutes that offer some form of Engineering course. The top colleges in a few key cities along with the course fees are as below.





Scope of Engineering Courses

Engineering graduates who have finished their courses and also aspirants could be wondering about the scope of the field. The scope of the field has been summarised below.

  • Students have the option to choose masters and doctorate courses in Engineering specialisations.
  • The average salary range for master’s Engineering courses is INR 1.9 to INR 19 LPA.
  • On the other hand, a PhD holder will earn in the range of INR 3 to INR 14 LPA.
  • The salary and job opportunities will increase with the increase in job experience and higher education.
  • Besides the above stated higher education degrees, there are also online and offline certification courses that can be picked up to up the skill base.

Best Engineering Courses in Future

For any field of study, it is important to research the field’s future. Which course will perform better in the coming years and what are some new fields that are interesting, all such questions should be answered. For Engineering, the following are up and coming courses.

Agricultural Engineering

Agricultural Engineering combines Engineering principles into Agricultural processes. An Agricultural Engineer will typically work with the machinery, power equipment and anything related to the processing of the agricultural process. An Agricultural Engineer can work in the field with a bachelor’s degree. In India, the average pay of an Agricultural Engineer is INR 4,87,443 LPA.

Chemical Engineering

Chemical Engineering is a field that is engaged in the designing and building up of chemical manufacturing units or processes. The Chemical Engineer facilitates the manufacture of chemicals on a large scale. They use knowledge of Physics, Chemistry and Biology to perform their duties. The average pay of the Chemical Engineer is INR 4,88,177 LPA.

Electrical and Electronics Engineering

Electrical and Electronics Engineering is a field that involves the design and development of equipment and systems running on electricity. An Electrical Engineer could work with motors, navigation systems, communication systems etc. Employers hire individuals with a bachelor's degree in EEE. The average pay of an Electrical Engineer is INR 4,01,628.

Petroleum Engineering

Petroleum Engineering, as the name says, is a field that works with oil and natural gas. They devise methods to extract oil from the earth. The work of a Petroleum Engineer is to think of new ways to extract oil. The average petroleum engineer earns INR 7,95,883 LPA.

Job Profiles

Engineering graduates are hired in various capacities immediately after completing their courses. The top Engineering job profiles along with their average annual pay are as below.

Job Profile Average Annual Pay
Mechanical Engineer INR 3,49,105 LPA
Civil Engineer INR 3,08,136 LPA
Design Engineer INR 3,69,366 LPA
Electrical Engineer INR 3,68,716 LPA
Mechanical Design Engineer INR 3,45,423 LPA
Software Developer INR 5,05,143 LPA
Mining Engineer INR 5,27,551 LPA
Aeronautical Engineer INR 6,14,992 LPA
Metallurgical Engineer INR 3,62,076 LPA
Structural Engineer INR 4,85,136 LPA

Top Recruiters

In each field, all the top Engineering colleges have top recruiters. These are large corporations with openings in various departments annually. Specialisation wise, the top recruiters are as below.

Civil Engineering

AECOM Shapoorji Pallonji
Jacobs Engineering Power Grid Corporation of India Ltd
Atkins Bechtel
Arcadis Mott McDonald
Balfour Beatty Laing O’ Rourke

Electrical Engineering

Ankit Electricals Jindal Steel and Power
Kirloskar Group Larson & Turbo
Sterling Mellcon Engineers
Kuber Lighting Private Limited Neolex Cables
Adani Power Limited Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited

Mechanical Engineering

Escorts Tecumseh
Hindustan Aeronautics Limited BHEL
JCB Hero Honda
Railways Armed Forces

Electronics & Communication Engineering

TATA Group Siemens
Ashok Leyland HCL Technologies
Texas Instruments Intel
General Motors Philips
DRDO The Godrej Group

Computer Science Engineering

TCS Facebook
Mindtree Amazon
Cognizant Google
Infosys Flipkart
Paytm HCL

Salary of an Engineer in India

An Engineer’s salary in India will depend on several factors like specialization, country, and also college one is studying in. All factors have been elaborated below.

Specialization Wise

Specialization Average Annual Pay
Mechanical INR 3,49,105 LPA
Civil INR 3,08,136 LPA
Design INR 3,69,366 LPA
Electrical INR 3,68,716 LPA
Mechanical Design INR 3,45,423 LPA
Mining INR 5,27,551 LPA
Aeronautics INR 6,14,992 LPA
Metallurgy INR 3,62,076 LPA
Structural INR 4,85,136 LPA

Top College’s Placement Offers

Country Wise

Countries Average Annual Pay
USA INR 78,09,141
Switzerland INR 64,90,047
Norway INR 44,54,784
Denmark INR 48,89, 340
United Kingdom INR 43,18,656
Sweden INR 33,06,105
Germany INR 39,99,392
Netherlands INR 37,48,118
Finland INR 32,40,381
Australia INR 34,66,578

Engineering Courses: FAQs

Ques. What is the minimum eligibility criteria for Engineering courses?

Ans. At a minimum students should have completed their class 12th in the Science stream. The minimum aggregate score to possess is at least 50% along with a national, state or university level entrance test score.

Ques. What is the duration of Engineering courses?

Ans. Diploma in Engineering courses is taught over 3 years while bachelors are completed in 4 years. Master’s courses in Engineering take 2 years to complete.

Ques. Are there Engineering courses available online?

Ans. Yes. There are short term certification courses in Engineering available online. Most courses are either free or have a small fee attached for a completion certificate.

Ques. What is the average salary of an Engineer?

Ans. On average, Engineers can expect to earn at least INR 5,00,000 LPA.

Ques. What is the admission process for Engineering courses?

Ans. To gain admission into any Engineering courses, one must submit a national, state or university level entrance test. There is also a counselling round for qualified individuals before taking admission.

Ques. Is Mathematics required to study any Engineering course?

Ans. As per a Government rule in 2021, Mathematics is no longer a compulsory subject to study Engineering. However, Physics and Chemistry should be studied.

Ques. What are some Engineering specialisations that will do well in the future?

Ans. Industry experts expect Agricultural, Petroleum and Chemical Engineering to do well. Other specialisations like Mechanical, CSE and Civil will continue being popular choices among students.

Ques. What are the top online Engineering course providers?

Ans. For Engineering courses, one can look into edX, FutureLearn, Coursera, ClassCentral etc.

Ques. What are some Engineering specialisations that do not need Maths?

Ans. All Engineering specialisations need Mathematics. However, some Engineering branches are more Maths heavier than others. Specialisations like BioMedical, Biochemical, Mining are not as Mathematics heavy.

Ques. What are the top companies that hire Computer Science Engineering graduates?

Ans. CSE students are regularly hired by TCS, Facebook, Mindtree, Amazon, Cognizant, Google, Infosys, Flipkart etc.

Ques. What is the average salary of a Civil Engineer?

Ans. In India, the average salary of a Civil Engineer is INR 3,08,136 LPA.

Ques. Can I get a job with online Engineering jobs?

Ans. Online Engineering courses are meant to enhance existing knowledge. Individuals who are already working in the field to refresh and learn more skills. Having an online course certification will not be enough to gain a job.


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Engineering Colleges IN INDIA