Medical Courses in India: Details, List, Syllabus, Jobs 2021

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Zemima Khan

Updated on - Sep 1, 2021

Medical courses are one of the most sought academic courses in India after the completion of the class 12th or equivalent examination. Medical and biomedical sciences, pharmacy, allied health, nursing, health, and fitness are among the specialisations available.A course in medicine and health sciences requires students to understand and follow the Hippocratic Oath for ethical conduct, which states that a medical practitioner must practise medicine honestly in all aspects, including patient care, teaching, and research.

Medical Courses in India are available at certificate, Diploma, Undergraduate, Postgraduate and Doctorate level. The Medical Certificate Courses are offered by various online and offline platforms. The top undergraduate medical courses are MBBS, BPT, BHMS, BAMS, BDS, etc. 

Students can pursue medical courses after 12th with 50% aggregate in the Science stream with biology as a compulsory subject The admission to the medical courses are done on the basis of entrance examinations such as NEET UG,  NEET PG, BCECE, LPUNEST, etc. Admission to the other certificate and diploma courses are done on the basis of marks obtained in the qualifying examination (12th or others) 

Check Out: Six  Month Medical courses after 12th 

The average fee to pursue medical courses ranges between INR 10,000 to INR 5,00,000. After completion of the  Medical courses, students get jobs as a medical researcher, general surgeon, physiotherapist, anesthesiologist, medical officer, medical laboratory technician, nurse educator, and many others. The average salary ranges from INR 8,00,000 to 20,00,000 per annum.

Read More: How to Become a Doctor

Medical Certifications

The certificate programs in Medicine courses are offered both in online mode and Offline mode. Online Certificate courses are more popular and get updated regularly with the trend. They are usually of varied duration from a few hours to a few months.

  • The main purpose of the certificate course is to update the students with the latest trend and updates in any particular specialization. Since medicine never gets old and some new medicine, therapy or technology comes every day, certification courses help the students to stay updated.
  • Certificate programs are opted by candidates who are already pursuing a job and would like to gain some extra knowledge in any particular specialization.
  • Online certificate programs give us the advantage of having flexible hours so that it won’t affect our daily schedule.

Completing more certificate courses helps you to get more salary packages and increase your value. The following table gives the best certificate courses available in different platforms.

Online Medical Course Certificates

Given below are some of the best Medical Courses Certificates for the interested candidates:

Certificate Name Provider Fees
Anatomy Coursera Free
Introduction to Biology of Cancer Coursera Free
Introduction to Psychology Coursera Free
Anatomy: Know your Abdomen Future Learn Free
Causes of Human Disease: Nutrition and Environment Future Learn Free
Causes of Human Disease: Transmitting and Fighting Infection Future Learn Free
How to read chest X-Ray Udemy INR 700
Emergency Medicine Udemy INR 700
Cardiac Anatomy & Physiology Udemy INR 700

Offline Medical Courses

Given below are some of the best Medical Courses Certificates for the interested candidates:

Course Name Colleges Offering Average Fees
Certificate in Medical Laboratory Technology Bangalore Medical College and Research Institute, Singhania University, JS University, Starex University, Apex Professional University, Gujarat Cancer and Research Institute INR 15,000 – 50,000
Certificate in Operation Theatre Centurion University of Technology and Management -
Certificate in Physiotherapy Academy Allied Health Science, Thiruvalluvar University, Banaras Hindu University, Rabindranath Tagore University, University of Madras INR 2,000 - 75,000
Certificate in Radio Imaging Technology Starex University INR 60,000
Certificate in Food and Nutrition IGNOU INR 30,000

Certificate Medical courses Admissions

  • In colleges, admission for certification courses is done in an organized manner and no entrance test will be conducted for the admission process.
  • The admission will be completely merit based on the marks obtained in 10th or 12th examination.
  • For an online certification course, candidates could apply on the website of the course provider.
  • The eligibility criteria is 10th or 12th pass depending upon the course and the provider.

Colleges for Online Medical Course Certificates

Some of the colleges from where you can take up Online Medical Certificate courses are:

NIRF Ranking College/ University Name Average Fees
3 CMC, Vellore INR 85,400
6 BHU, Varanasi INR 39,850
15 AMU, Aligarh INR 23,856
20 JSS Medical College, Mysore INR 12,487

Diploma Medical Courses

There are 28 diploma courses that could be pursued after the completion of class 10 or 12 depending upon the eligibility criteria of the course. 

PG Diploma is pursued after the completion of Diploma or Graduation. Admission will be based on merit and the marks obtained in the previous qualifying examination. 

No state level or national level entrance examination will be conducted for Diploma or PG Diploma admission.

  • Diploma in Medicine helps to know many facts based on the career like Physiotherapist, nurse, lab assistant.
  • It also helps the candidates to understand the workings of the Medical instruments like Infusion pump, Surgical suture, Glucose meter, Catheter, Nebulizer, Respirator, Operating table, etc.
  • Diploma courses are usually offered in duration of 2 years and PG Diploma courses are offered in duration of 1 year.
  • Diploma courses are preferred by students who prefer to gain knowledge in a short span of time and join a job instead of spending long years learning the concept.
  • Diploma in the Medical field should be opted by students who have interest in Medicine and who have the ability to use scientific methods and rules to help patients.
  • The average salary after completing a diploma course in the Medical field is INR 2,00,000 to 5,00,000in India.

Check Out: Top Medical Colleges in India 2021

Top Diploma Medical Courses

Some of the popular diploma courses pursued in the Medical field are given in the below tabulation.

Diploma Course College offering Average fees
Diploma in Medical Laboratory Technology NIMS University, Bangalore Medical College and Research Institute, Madras Medical College, Government Medical College Kerala INR 20,000 – 1,00,000
Diploma in Physiotherapy NIMS University, Aligarh Muslim University, YBN University, Noida International University INR 10,000 – 1,00,000
Diploma in Medical Radio Diagnosis Christian Medical College, Madras Medical College, NIMS University, Bangalore Medical College and Research Institute, Government Medical College Kerala INR 5,000 – 1,00,000
Diploma in Clinical Pathology Christian Medical College, Madras Medical College, NIMS University, University of Madras, Singhania University, PSG Institute of Medical Science and Research INR 20,000 – 1,00,000

Diploma courses could be pursued in various different specializations such as Occupational Therapy, Laboratory Techniques, Imaging Technology, Radiography, Radio Therapy according to your preference.

Top PG Diploma Medical Courses

PG Diploma courses are pursued after the completion of Graduation or Diploma course in the relevant stream. Some of the PG Diploma courses offered in India are given in the following tabulation.

PG Diploma name College name Average fees
PGD in Forensic Medicine Banaras Hindu University INR 20,000
PGD in Health Administration Sarvodaya College of Technology and Management INR 13,700
PGD in Health Promotion and Education Baba Farid University of Health Science INR 7,000

See more:

Diploma and PG Diploma Courses Admissions

  • Admission to diploma courses are completely based on merit of class 10th and 12th and for PG Diploma, graduation marks are considered.
  • Certain private institutes provide admission on the basis of entrance examinations conducted by the Institute or University itself.
  • For merit based admission, candidates are provided seats based on the cut off marks declared by the colleges and it varies for each college. If the candidates have secured the desired cut off mark, they should proceed with the further admission process which is registration and payment of registration fees. The college will publish the selected students list in the official website.
  • For entrance based admission, candidates should appear and secure a valid score in the entrance examination conducted by the respective University. After the results of the entrance examination, candidates should apply for the counselling process and pay the application fees.

Top Colleges offering Diploma and PG Diploma courses

The following tabulation gives the top Colleges offering Diploma and PG Diploma courses in the Medical field.

NIRF Medical Ranking College/ University Name Average Fees
3 CMC, Vellore INR 37,996
6 BHU, Varanasi INR 20,000
15 AMU, Aligarh INR 47,570
17 Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi -
27 PSG Institute of Medical Science & Research, Coimbatore -

Bachelor Medical Courses

Many industries are highly evolving in recent times in India and Medicine is one of them. The Medical field produces a huge number of choices for students to pursue. Students who look forward to earning a full time degree should choose Bachelor Medical courses. Bachelor courses are preferred by students who opt for a long term career and dedicate full time.

  • The duration of Bachelor Medical courses is 3 – 5 years
  • Bachelor and UG courses come in both general and specializations.
  • Admission method is based on the college. In most colleges, admission is done through state level as well as national level entrance examination.
  • Bachelor courses provide a strong foundation to the students and give a good understanding of basic concepts.

Top Undergraduate Medical Courses

In the tabulation given below, some of the top undergraduate Medical courses are mentioned.

Course Name Top Colleges Average Fees
BSc Cardiac Technology Chandigarh University, Bangalore Medical College and Research Institute, NIMS University, Christian Medical College, Government Medical College Kerala, Hamdard Institute of Medical Science and Research INR 20,000 – 4,50,000
BPT Christian Medical College, Chandigarh University, Madras Medical College, NIMS University, Baba Farid University of Health Sciences, SRM Institute of Technology INR 20,000 – 3,00,000
MBBS Christian Medical College, NIMS University, Madras Medical College, King George’s Medical University, Osmania Medical College, Bangalore Medical College and Research Institute INR 50,000 – 8,00,000
BDS NIMS University, Manipal College of Dental Science, SRM Dental College, Kannur Dental College, Kalinga Institute of Dental Sciences INR 50,000 – 8,00,000

See more:

Bachelor Medical Courses Admissions

Admission in Bachelor Medical course is done through both state level and national level entrance basis

  • All the colleges follow entrance based admission and provide admission on the basis of the marks secured by the candidates in the state level or national level entrance examination.
  • Some of the top entrance exams of Undergraduate Medical courses (BSc) include NEST, IIT JAM, OUAT Entrance test, UPCATET, GSAT.
  • Entrance examination for MBBS admission is based on NEET
  • Students appearing for the entrance examination should have passed 10 + 2 from a recognized board with 50% marks in aggregate.

Bachelor Medical Courses Entrance Exams

The following table gives the exam considered for admission in undergraduate Medical courses in India.

Entrance Exam Exam Date
NEET UG 2021 September 12, 2021 
NEST 2021 August 14, 2021
IIT JAM 2021 February 13, 2022

Top Colleges for Bachelor Medical Courses

The table below gives some of the top colleges for Bachelor Medical Courses.

College/ University Name Average Fees
AIIMS, New Delhi INR 1,628
CMC, Vellore INR 48,330
BHU, Varanasi INR 16,000
KMC, Mangalore INR 14,40,000
AMU, Aligarh INR 5,37,000
Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi INR 15,450
PSG Institute of Medical Science & Research, Coimbatore INR 4,00,000
SRM IST, Chennai INR 5,10,000

Master Medical Courses

Master Medical courses are pursued by students who look for more specializations after their bachelor’s degree.

  • The duration of the PG Medical course is 2 years.
  • Master degree enhance the knowledge of the students in that particular specialization and refine their skills
  • Admission method is based on the college. In most colleges, admission is done through state level as well as national level entrance examination.

Top Master Medical Courses

The table below shows some of the most sought-after colleges for studying Masters Medical courses:

Course Name Top College Average Fees
MD Thoracic Medicine Institute of Medical Sciences, SMS Medical College, NIMS University, Christian Medical College, Kasturba Medical College, Madras Medical College. INR 3,800 – 4,95,000
MD Dermatology NIMS University, Ranchi University, Maulana Azad Medical College, Madras Medical College, All India Institute of Medical Science, Christian Medical College, Kasturba Medical College INR 5,000 – 8,00,000
MD Infectious Diseases Stanley Medical College, Baba Farid University of Health Sciences, NIMS University, SRM Institute of Technology, SMS Medical College, Government Medical College Kerala, Aligarh Muslim University INR 40,000 – INR 4 lakhs
MSc Anatomy Christian Medical College, NIMS University, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Armed Forces Medical College, University of Madras INR 10,000 – 1,00,000

Also check MSc Anatomy Jobs here.

Master Medical Courses Admissions

Admission in the Master Medical course is done through both merit and entrance basis depending upon the college.

  • Almost all the colleges provide admission on an entrance basis, based on the marks secured by the candidates in the state level or national level entrance examinations.
  • Top entrance exams of Post graduate Medical courses are NEET PG, AIIMS PG etc. 
  • Students appearing for the entrance examination should have graduated in the relevant stream from a recognized University or Institute with 50% marks in aggregate.

Master Medical Courses Entrance Exams

The following table gives the exam considered for admission in postgraduate Medical courses in India.

Entrance Exam Exam Date
NEET PG 2021 September 11, 2021
AIIMS PG 2021 To be announced

Colleges for Master Medical Courses

The table below shows some of the most sought-after colleges for studying Master Medical courses:

College/ University Name Average Annual Fees
AIIMS, New Delhi INR 2,027
CMC, Vellore INR 1,70,000
BHU, Varanasi INR 6,720
KMC, Mangalore INR 2,43,000
AMU, Aligarh INR 8,980
SRM IST, Chennai INR 5,885

Doctorate Medical Courses

The Doctorate in Medical course is pursued by students who wish to enter the research field. The minimum duration of the doctorate course is 2 years and it could be extended as per the demands of the research. Candidates who have completed doctorate courses have the option to become teachers or lecturers in colleges.

Top Doctorate Medical Courses

The following tabulation gives the major subjects one can opt in doctorate Medical course.

Course Name Top Colleges Average Annual Fees
PhD Medicine All India Institute of Medical Sciences, NIMS University, Ranchi University, Jamia Hamdard University, Delhi University, Banaras Hindu University, Singhania University INR 10,000 – 2,50,000

Also check top PhD Medicine Colleges in India here.

Doctorate Medical courses Admissions

Admission in the Doctorate Medical course is done through both merit and entrance basis depending upon the college.

  • In certain colleges, admission will be provided based on the counselling process and personal interview. Private colleges provide admission through entrance exams.
  • Some of the top entrance exams of Doctorate Medical courses include GATE, GPAT, CSIR UGC NET, AIIMS PhD Entrance Exam.
  • Students appearing for the entrance examination should hold post graduation degree in the relevant stream from a recognized University or Institute with 50% marks in aggregate.

Doctorate Medical Courses Entrance Exams

The following table gives the exam considered for admission in doctorate Medical courses in India.

Entrance Exam Exam Date
CSIR UGC NET Exam May 2-7, May 10-12 and May 14-17, 2021 
GATE 2022 February 5-6 and 12-13, 2022
GPAT 2022 Last week of February 2022
AIIMS PhD Entrance Exam 12 March, 2021

Colleges for Doctorate Medical Courses

The following table gives the best colleges in India to pursue Medical courses at doctorate level

College/ University Name Average Annual Fees
AIIMS, New Delhi INR 2,045
CMC, Vellore -
BHU, Varanasi INR 8,368
GKMC, Chennai INR 1,10,000
AMU, Aligarh -
JMI, New Delhi INR 1,52,000
SRM IST, Chennai INR 16,000

Medical Courses without NEET 

Most of the top medical courses can be pursued by candidates only if they are able to crack the NEET entrance examination. However there are few medical courses that can be pursued by candidates who have not appeared for NEET examination. 

In the geven section we will discuss the medical courses that can be undertaken with NEET.

BPT 

Bachelor in Physiotherapy or BPT course can be pursued by candidates who have completed their 12th examination in science stream. The course mainly deals in providing fundamental knowledge about physical therapies to help the candidates, so that they can help patients recover from injuries. The BPT admissions are  done  through entrance examinations such as BCECE, VEE, IEMJEE, LPUNEST, etc. 

The top BPT colleges are Christian Medical College, Vellore, NIMS University, Jaipur, Bundelkhand University, Jhansi, etc. 

BVSc 

Bachelor of Veterinary science or BVSc  is another medical course that can be pursued without the NEET Exam. The course allows the candidates to treat and perform surgical  procedure  animals. The duration of the course is for a period of 5- 5.5 years with a 1 year internship. The BVSc admission can be done through various state entrance examinations such as AAU VET, UP Veterinary Entrance Exam, RPVT, BHU UET, etc. 

The Top BVSc Colleges are Govind Ballabh pant University of agriculture and Technology, Anand Agricultural University (College of Veterinary Science and animal husbandry), Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, etc

Job Options After Medical Courses

Medicine has the most scope these days and candidates have a lot of job opportunities after completing courses in Medicine. The following section gives various career options available for candidates who completed Medical courses. Some of the most popular jobs are that of a medical representative, pharmacist, general surgeon, etc.

Also Check: MBBS Jobs and Career Options

Average Salary
Job Profile Job Description Salary

Pharmacist

Pharmacist jobs include ensuring the supply of medicines is within the law and ensuring that the medicines prescribed to patients are suitable. They should advise patients about medicines, including guiding them how to take medicines and what reactions might occur.

INR 2,85,000

Physical Therapist

Physical Therapists should consult with patients to learn about their physical condition and symptoms. Diagnose movement dysfunction and develop treatment plans and teach patients how to use therapeutic exercise techniques

INR 2,50,000

Dermatologist

Dermatologist is a doctor who specializes in skin, hair and nail conditions. Identifying and treating any infection or skin problems.

INR 10,00,000

General Surgeon

General Surgeons use surgical procedures to remove disease, repair injuries, and promote health and healing. They also perform diagnostic tests and provide guidance on the need for surgery.

INR 11,60,000

Clinical Forensic Medical Examiner

They have the critical role in death investigation, examining the body of the deceased to define the cause of death, factors contributing to death and to assist with the reconstruction of the circumstances in which the death occurred.

INR 17,00,000

Hospital Administration

Professionals involved in hospital administration are responsible for the day to day operation of a hospital, clinic, managed care organization or public health agency. The main job of the hospital administration is to coordinate the action of all the departments and ensure their function.

INR 4,85,000

Skills Required for Medical Courses

Medicine is a technical stream and it requires candidates to have good knowledge and great patience. The following section gives some of the important skills required for a candidate to pursue medicine as a career.

Professional communication General research skills
Numeracy General IT skills
Problem identification and solving Ability to approach

Comparison of Medical Courses Online

The table below gives some of the points to compare the online medical courses offered by the most popular agencies, Udemy and Coursera. In this case we are comparing the Anatomy course offered by them.

Parameters Udemy Coursera
Fees INR 700 Free
Student Rating 4.4 4.8
Enrolment 2,972 26,353
Duration 5 hours 5 months
Created by Udemy University of Michigan

Medical Courses: FAQs

Ques. What average salary is offered to students after completing Medical courses?

Ans. The salary earned will be completely based on the level of the course learned. The average salary provided in India varies from INR 4,00,000 to 20,00,000 per annum. 

Ques. Does Medicine Courses have scope in future?

Ans. Medicine is one of the growing industries which has the most scope in future. Hence it provides a huge range of job opportunities to the students in both government and private sectors.

Ques. Does it cost too much to pursue a Medicine course in India?

Ans. It depends on the Institute. Certain institutes charge high and there are few institutes which charge affordable. Usually the fee for Medicine course varies between INR 50,000 and 5,00,000.

Ques. Which is the best career after completing a Medical Course?

Ans. There are a wide range of options when it comes to a career after completing a Medical course. Some of the top job choices are medical researcher, general surgeon, physiotherapist, anaesthesiologist, medical officer, medical laboratory technician, nurse educator

Ques. What subjects are taught under the Medical course?

Ans. The syllabus for the course changes for each college. But there are certain subjects that are general for the Medical course which includes Anatomy, Anesthesiology, Biochemistry, Physiology, Dermatology, Microbiology, Pathology, Surgery, Nutrition and Dietetics, Psychology.

Ques. What are the best courses in the Medical field?

Ans. Some of the most popular medical courses that candidates could pursue to have a good career in medicine include MBBS, BDS, Pharmacy, Allied Health Science & Paramedical and Ayurveda & Homeopathy.

Ques. What is the best course in medicine that a student can pursue without giving NEET?

Ans. Without appearing in NEET Exam there are certain medical courses that candidates could pursue such as B Pharm, BSc in Clinical Research, Anatomy, Medical Microbiology, Physiology, Psychology and Audiology.

Ques. What is the highest paid medical job?

Ans. Candidates who pursued medicine in any specialties are paid higher than candidates with a general medicine degree. Family doctors and paediatricians are highest paid general practitioners. And Anaesthesiologists are paid more than any other type of doctor.

Ques. What type of doctor is difficult to become?

Ans. There are certain kinds of jobs in the medicine sector which need more effort and are hard to become such as Cardiac and Thoracic Surgery, Dermatology, Neurosurgery, Ophthalmology and Plastic Surgery.

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